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The 'Special Characters' section of each group is probably the most useful; the others are largely provided for completeness. In most cases the numerical character reference will work with more browsers than the entity name (assuming there one exists), so it's worth using them out of preference.

US-ASCII Characters

Control Codes
Description Code Escape Char Hex Character Reference
null NUL ^@ 00 �
start of heading SOH ^A 01 
start of text STX ^B 02 
end of text ETX ^C 03 
end of transmission EOT ^D 04 
enquiry ENQ ^E 05 
acknowledge ACK ^F 06 
bell BEL ^G 07 
backspace BS ^H 08 
horizontal tab HT ^I 09 	
line feed, new line LF, NL ^J 0A 

vertical tab VT ^K 0B 
form feed, new page FF, NP ^L 0C 
carriage return CR ^M 0D 
shift out SO ^N 0E 
shift in SI ^O 0F 
data link escape DLE ^P 10 
device control 1 DC1 ^Q 11 
device control 2 DC2 ^R 12 
device control 3 DC3 ^S 13 
device control 4 DC4 ^T 14 
negative acknowledge NAK ^U 15 
synchronous idle SYN ^V 16 
end of trans. block ETB ^W 17 
cancel CAN ^X 18 
end of medium EM ^Y 19 
substitute SUB ^Z 1A 
escape ESC ^[ 1B 
file separator FS ^\ 1C 
group separator GS ^] 1D 
record separator RS ^^ 1E 
unit separator US ^_ 1F 

Special Characters and Numbers
Description Char Hex Character Reference Entity Name
space   20   --> &sp; --> &sp;
exclamation mark ! 21 ! --> ! ! --> !
(double) quotation mark " 22 " --> " " --> "
number sign # 23 # --> # # --> #
dollar sign $ 24 $ --> $ $ --> $
percent sign % 25 % --> % % --> %
ampersand & 26 & --> & & --> &
apostrophe, single quote mark ' 27 ' --> ' ' --> '
left parenthesis ( 28 ( --> ( ( --> (
right parenthesis ) 29 ) --> ) ) --> )
asterisk * 2A * --> * * --> *
plus sign + 2B + --> + + --> +
comma , 2C , --> , , --> ,
minus sign, hyphen - 2D - --> - ‐ --> ‐
period, decimal point, full stop . 2E . --> . . --> .
slash, virgule, solidus / 2F / --> / / --> /
digit 0 0 30 0 --> 0  
digit 1 1 31 1 --> 1  
digit 2 2 32 2 --> 2  
digit 3 3 33 3 --> 3  
digit 4 4 34 4 --> 4  
digit 5 5 35 5 --> 5  
digit 6 6 36 6 --> 6  
digit 7 7 37 7 --> 7  
digit 8 8 38 8 --> 8  
digit 9 9 39 9 --> 9  
colon : 3A : --> : : --> :
semicolon ; 3B &#059; --> ; ; --> ;
less-than sign < 3C &#060; --> < &lt; --> <
equal sign = 3D &#061; --> = &equals; --> =
greater-than sign > 3E &#062; --> > &gt; --> >
question mark ? 3F &#063; --> ? &quest; --> ?
commercial at sign @ 40 &#064; --> @ &commat; --> @
left square bracket [ 5B &#091; --> [ &lsqb; --> [
backslash, reverse solidus \ 5C &#092; --> \ &bsol; --> \
right square bracket ] 5D &#093; --> ] &rsqb; --> ]
spacing circumflex accent ^ 5E &#094; --> ^ &circ; --> ˆ
spacing underscore, low line, _ 5F &#095; --> _ &lowbar; --> _
spacing grave accent, back apostrophe ` 60 &#096; --> ` &grave; --> `
left brace (curly bracket) { 7B &#123; --> { &lcub; --> {
vertical bar | 7C &#124; --> | &verbar; --> |
right brace (curly bracket) } 7D &#125; --> } &rcub; --> }
tilde accent ~ 7E &#126; --> ~ &tilde; --> ˜
delete ^? 7F &#127;  

Upper Case Letters
Description Char Hex Character Reference
capital A A 41 &#065; --> A
capital B B 42 &#066; --> B
capital C C 43 &#067; --> C
capital D D 44 &#068; --> D
capital E E 45 &#069; --> E
capital F F 46 &#070; --> F
capital G G 47 &#071; --> G
capital H H 48 &#072; --> H
capital I I 49 &#073; --> I
capital J J 4A &#074; --> J
capital K K 4B &#075; --> K
capital L L 4C &#076; --> L
capital M M 4D &#077; --> M
capital N N 4E &#078; --> N
capital O O 4F &#079; --> O
capital P P 50 &#080; --> P
capital Q Q 51 &#081; --> Q
capital R R 52 &#082; --> R
capital S S 53 &#083; --> S
capital T T 54 &#084; --> T
capital U U 55 &#085; --> U
capital V V 56 &#086; --> V
capital W W 57 &#087; --> W
capital X X 58 &#088; --> X
capital Y Y 59 &#089; --> Y
capital Z Z 5A &#090; --> Z

Lower Case Letters
Description Char Hex Character Reference
small a a 61 &#097; --> a
small b b 62 &#098; --> b
small c c 63 &#099; --> c
small d d 64 &#100; --> d
small e e 65 &#101; --> e
small f f 66 &#102; --> f
small g g 67 &#103; --> g
small h h 68 &#104; --> h
small i i 69 &#105; --> i
small j j 6A &#106; --> j
small k k 6B &#107; --> k
small l l 6C &#108; --> l
small m m 6D &#109; --> m
small n n 6E &#110; --> n
small o o 6F &#111; --> o
small p p 70 &#112; --> p
small q q 71 &#113; --> q
small r r 72 &#114; --> r
small s s 73 &#115; --> s
small t t 74 &#116; --> t
small u u 75 &#117; --> u
small v v 76 &#118; --> v
small w w 77 &#119; --> w
small x x 78 &#120; --> x
small y y 79 &#121; --> y
small z z 7A &#122; --> z

Extended Control Characters

Microsoft Windows Added Characters
Description Char Hex Character Reference Entity Name
euro sign   80 &#128; --> € &euro; --> €
    81 &#129; -->   
low left rising single quote   82 &#130; --> ‚ &lsquor; --> ‚
small italic f, function of, florin f 83 &#131; --> ƒ &fnof; --> ƒ
low left rising double quote   84 &#132; --> „ &ldquor; --> „
low horizontal ellipsis   85 &#133; --> … &hellip; --> …
dagger mark   86 &#134; --> † &dagger; --> †
double dagger mark   87 &#135; --> ‡ &Dagger; --> ‡
letter modifying circumflex   88 &#136; --> ˆ  
per thousand (mille) sign   89 &#137; --> ‰ &permil; --> ‰
capital S caron or hacek   8A &#138; --> Š &Scaron; --> Š
left single angle quote mark (guillemet)   8B &#139; --> ‹ &lsaquo; --> ‹
capital OE ligature   8C &#140; --> Œ &OElig; --> Œ
    8D &#141; -->   
    8E &#142; --> Ž  
    8F &#143; -->   
    90 &#144; -->   
left single quotation mark,   91 &#145; --> ‘ &lsquo; --> ‘
right single quote mark   92 &#146; --> ’ &rsquo; --> ’
left double quotation mark,   93 &#147; --> “ &ldquo; --> “
right double quote mark   94 &#148; --> ” &rdquo; --> ”
round filled bullet   95 &#149; --> • &bull; --> •
en dash   96 &#150; --> – &ndash; --> –
em dash   97 &#151; --> — &mdash; --> —
small spacing tilde accent   98 &#152; --> ˜ &tilde; --> ˜
trademark sign   99 &#153; --> ™ &trade; --> ™
small s caron or hacek   9A &#154; --> š &scaron; --> š
right single angle quote mark (guillemet)   9B &#155; --> › &rsaquo; --> ›
small oe ligature   9C &#156; --> œ &oelig; --> œ
    9D &#157; -->   
    9E &#158; --> ž  
capital Y dieresis or umlaut   9F &#159; --> Ÿ &Yuml; --> Ÿ

ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) Entities

Special Characters
Description Char Hex Character Reference Entity Name
non-breaking space   A0 &#160; -->   &nbsp; -->  
inverted exclamation mark   A1 &#161; --> ¡ &iexcl; --> ¡
cent sign   A2 &#162; --> ¢ &cent; --> ¢
pound sterling sign   A3 &#163; --> £ &pound; --> £
general currency sign   A4 &#164; --> ¤ &curren; --> ¤
yen sign   A5 &#165; --> ¥ &yen; --> ¥
broken vertical bar   A6 &#166; --> ¦ &brvbar; --> ¦
section sign   A7 &#167; --> § &sect; --> §
spacing dieresis or umlaut   A8 &#168; --> ¨ &uml; --> ¨
copyright sign   A9 &#169; --> © &copy; --> ©
feminine ordinal indicator   AA &#170; --> ª &ordf; --> ª
left (double) angle quote (guillemet)   AB &#171; --> « &laquo; --> «
logical not sign   AC &#172; --> ¬ &not; --> ¬
soft hyphen   AD &#173; --> ­ &shy; --> ­
registered trademark sign   AE &#174; --> ® &reg; --> ®
spacing macron (long) accent,   AF &#175; --> ¯ &macr; --> ¯
degree sign   B0 &#176; --> ° &deg; --> °
plus-or-minus sign   B1 &#177; --> ± &plusmn; --> ±
superscript 2   B2 &#178; --> ² &sup2; --> ²
superscript 3   B3 &#179; --> ³ &sup3; --> ³
spacing acute accent   B4 &#180; --> ´ &acute; --> ´
micro sign   B5 &#181; --> µ &micro; --> µ
paragraph sign, pilcrow sign   B6 &#182; --> ¶ &para; --> ¶
middle dot, centered dot   B7 &#183; --> · &middot; --> ·
spacing cedilla   B8 &#184; --> ¸ &cedil; --> ¸
superscript 1   B9 &#185; --> ¹ &sup1; --> ¹
masculine ordinal indicator   BA &#186; --> º &ordm; --> º
right (double) angle quote (guillemet)   BB &#187; --> » &raquo; --> »
fraction 1/4   BC &#188; --> ¼ &frac14; --> ¼
fraction 1/2   BD &#189; --> ½ &frac12; --> ½
fraction 3/4   BE &#190; --> ¾ &frac34; --> ¾
inverted question mark   BF &#191; --> ¿ &iquest; --> ¿

Upper Case Latin-1 Letters
Description Char Hex Character Reference Entity Name
capital A grave   C0 &#192; --> À &Agrave; --> À
capital A acute   C1 &#193; --> Á &Aacute; --> Á
capital A circumflex   C2 &#194; --> Â &Acirc; --> Â
capital A tilde   C3 &#195; --> Ã &Atilde; --> Ã
capital A dieresis or umlaut   C4 &#196; --> Ä &Auml; --> Ä
capital A ring   C5 &#197; --> Å &Aring; --> Å
capital AE ligature   C6 &#198; --> Æ &AElig; --> Æ
capital C cedilla   C7 &#199; --> Ç &Ccedil; --> Ç
capital E grave   C8 &#200; --> È &Egrave; --> È
capital E acute   C9 &#201; --> É &Eacute; --> É
capital E circumflex   CA &#202; --> Ê &Ecirc; --> Ê
capital E dieresis or umlaut   CB &#203; --> Ë &Euml; --> Ë
capital I grave   CC &#204; --> Ì &Igrave; --> Ì
capital I acute   CD &#205; --> Í &Iacute; --> Í
capital I circumflex   CE &#206; --> Î &Icirc; --> Î
capital I dieresis or umlaut   CF &#207; --> Ï &Iuml; --> Ï
capital ETH   D0 &#208; --> Ð &ETH; --> Ð
capital N tilde   D1 &#209; --> Ñ &Ntilde; --> Ñ
capital O grave   D2 &#210; --> Ò &Ograve; --> Ò
capital O acute   D3 &#211; --> Ó &Oacute; --> Ó
capital O circumflex   D4 &#212; --> Ô &Ocirc; --> Ô
capital O tilde   D5 &#213; --> Õ &Otilde; --> Õ
capital O dieresis or umlaut   D6 &#214; --> Ö &Ouml; --> Ö
multiplication sign   D7 &#215; --> × &times; --> ×
capital O slash   D8 &#216; --> Ø &Oslash; --> Ø
capital U grave   D9 &#217; --> Ù &Ugrave; --> Ù
capital U acute   DA &#218; --> Ú &Uacute; --> Ú
capital U circumflex   DB &#219; --> Û &Ucirc; --> Û
capital U dieresis or umlaut   DC &#220; --> Ü &Uuml; --> Ü
capital Y acute   DD &#221; --> Ý &Yacute; --> Ý
capital THORN   DE &#222; --> Þ &THORN; --> Þ
small sharp s, sz ligature   DF &#223; --> ß &szlig; --> ß

Lower Case Latin-1 Letters
Description Char Hex Character Reference Entity Name
small a grave   E0 &#224; --> à &agrave; --> à
small a acute   E1 &#225; --> á &aacute; --> á
small a circumflex   E2 &#226; --> â &acirc; --> â
small a tilde   E3 &#227; --> ã &atilde; --> ã
small a dieresis or umlaut   E4 &#228; --> ä &auml; --> ä
small a ring   E5 &#229; --> å &aring; --> å
small ae ligature   E6 &#230; --> æ &aelig; --> æ
small c cedilla   E7 &#231; --> ç &ccedil; --> ç
small e grave   E8 &#232; --> è &egrave; --> è
small e acute   E9 &#233; --> é &eacute; --> é
small e circumflex   EA &#234; --> ê &ecirc; --> ê
small e dieresis or umlaut   EB &#235; --> ë &euml; --> ë
small i grave   EC &#236; --> ì &igrave; --> ì
small i acute   ED &#237; --> í &iacute; --> í
small i circumflex   EE &#238; --> î &icirc; --> î
small i dieresis or umlaut   EF &#239; --> ï &iuml; --> ï
small eth   F0 &#240; --> ð &eth; --> ð
small n tilde   F1 &#241; --> ñ &ntilde; --> ñ
small o grave   F2 &#242; --> ò &ograve; --> ò
small o acute   F3 &#243; --> ó &oacute; --> ó
small o circumflex   F4 &#244; --> ô &ocirc; --> ô
small o tilde   F5 &#245; --> õ &otilde; --> õ
small o dieresis or umlaut   F6 &#246; --> ö &ouml; --> ö
division sign   F7 &#247; --> ÷ &divide; --> ÷
small o slash   F8 &#248; --> ø &oslash; --> ø
small u grave   F9 &#249; --> ù &ugrave; --> ù
small u acute   FA &#250; --> ú &uacute; --> ú
small u circumflex   FB &#251; --> û &ucirc; --> û
small u dieresis or umlaut   FC &#252; --> ü &uuml; --> ü
small y acute   FD &#253; --> ý &yacute; --> ý
small thorn   FE &#254; --> þ &thorn; --> þ
small y dieresis or umlaut   FF &#255; --> ÿ &yuml; --> ÿ

ISO 8879 (Adobe Symbol Font) Entities

Special Characters and Mathematical Symbols
Description Char Hex Entity Name
for all   22 &forall; --> ∀
there exists   24 &exist; --> ∃
backward epsilon, such that   27 &bepsi; --> ϶
low asterisk math operator   2A &lowast; --> ∗
congruent   40 &cong; --> ≅
therefore, hence   5C &there4; --> ∴
perpendicular   5E &perp; --> ⊥
similar sign, tilde operator   7E &sim; --> ∼
prime, minute mark   A2 &prime; --> ′
less-than-or-equal sign   A3 &le; --> ≤
infinity   A5 &infin; --> ∞
&ap; --> ≈
small italic f, function of, florin f A6 &fnof; --> ƒ
club suit symbol   A7 &clubs; --> ♣
diamond suit symbol   A8 &diams; --> ♦
heart suit symbol   A9 &hearts; --> ♥
spade suit symbol   AA &spades; --> ♠
horizontal (left-right) arrow   AB &harr; --> ↔
left arrow   AC &larr; --> ←
up arrow   AD &uarr; --> ↑
right arrow   AE &rarr; --> →
down arrow   AF &darr; --> ↓
double prime, second mark   B2 &Prime; --> ″
greater-than-or-equal sign   B3 &ge; --> ≥
proportional to   B5 &prop; --> ∝
partial differential, curly d   B6 &part; --> ∂
&ap; --> ≈
round filled bullet   B7 &bull; --> •
not-equal sign   B9 &ne; --> ≠
identical to, equivalent   BA &equiv; --> ≡
approximately equal   BB &ape; --> ≊
&ap; --> ≈
low horizontal ellipsis   BC &hellip; --> …
&ldots; --> &ldots;
aleph, first transfinite cardinal   C0 &aleph; --> ℵ
black-letter I, imaginary part of   C1 &image; --> ℑ
black-letter R, real part of   C2 &real; --> ℜ
Weierstrassian function p   C3 &weierp; --> ℘
circled multiplication sign   C4 &otimes; --> ⊗
circled plus sign   C5 &oplus; --> ⊕
empty set   C6 &empty; --> ∅
set intersection   C7 &cap; --> ∩
set union   C8 &cup; --> ∪
proper superset of   C9 &sup; --> ⊃
superset-of-or-equal-to   CA &supe; --> ⊇
not a subset of   CB &nsub; --> ⊄
proper subset of   CC &sub; --> ⊂
subset-of-or-equal-to   CD &sube; --> ⊆
element of, set membership   CE &isin; --> ∈
not an element of   CF &notin; --> ∉
angle   D0 &ang; --> ∠
del operator, gradient, nabla   D1 &nabla; --> ∇
trademark sign   D4 &trade; --> ™
n-ary product operator   D5 &prod; --> ∏
radical, square root   D6 &radic; --> √
small middle dot, math dot operator   D7 &sdot; --> ⋅
logical and   D9 &and; --> ∧
logical or   DA &or; --> ∨
horizontal double arrow   DB &hArr; --> ⇔
left double arrow   DC &lArr; --> ⇐
up double arrow   DD &uArr; --> ⇑
right double arrow   DE &rArr; --> ⇒
down double arrow   DF &dArr; --> ⇓
lozenge, total mark   E0 &loz; --> ◊
left angle bracket   E1 &lang; --> ⟨
n-ary summation operator   E5 &sum; --> ∑
left bracket top (ceiling)   E9 &lceil; --> ⌈
left bracket bottom (floor)   EB &lfloor; --> ⌊
right angle bracket   F1 &rang; --> ⟩
integral sign   F2 &int; --> ∫
right bracket top (ceiling)   F9 &rceil; --> ⌉
right bracket bottom (floor)   FB &rfloor; --> ⌋

Upper Case Greek Letters
Description Char Hex Entity Name
capital Alpha A 41 &Alpha; --> Α
capital Beta B 42 &Beta; --> Β
capital Chi X 43 &Chi; --> Χ
capital Delta   44 &Delta; --> Δ
capital Epsilon E 45 &Epsilon; --> Ε
capital Phi   46 &Phi; --> Φ
capital Gamma   47 &Gamma; --> Γ
capital Eta H 48 &Eta; --> Η
capital Iota I 49 &Iota; --> Ι
small script theta, curly theta   4A &thetav; --> ϑ
&vtheta; --> &vtheta;
capital Kappa K 4B &Kappa; --> Κ
capital Lambda   4C &Lambda; --> Λ
capital Mu M 4D &Mu; --> Μ
capital Nu N 4E &Nu; --> Ν
capital Omicron O 4F &Omicron; --> Ο
capital Pi   50 &Pi; --> Π
capital Theta   51 &Theta; --> Θ
capital Rho P 52 &Rho; --> Ρ
capital Sigma   53 &Sigma; --> Σ
capital Tau T 54 &Tau; --> Τ
capital Upsilon Y 55 &Upsilon; --> Υ
small final sigma   56 &sfgr; --> &sfgr;
&sigmav; --> ς
&vsigma; --> &vsigma;
capital Omega, ohm sign   57 &Omega; --> Ω
&ohm; --> Ω
capital Xi   58 &Xi; --> Ξ
capital Psi   59 &Psi; --> Ψ
capital Zeta Z 5A &Zeta; --> Ζ

Lower Case Greek Letters
Description Char Hex Entity Name
small alpha   61 &alpha; --> α
small beta   62 &beta; --> β
small chi   63 &chi; --> χ
small delta   64 &delta; --> δ
small script epsilon, curly epsilon   65 &vepsilon; --> &vepsilon;
small (straight) phi   66 &phi; --> φ
small gamma   67 &gamma; --> γ
small eta   68 &eta; --> η
small iota   69 &iota; --> ι
small script phi, curly phi   6A &phiv; --> ϕ
&varphi; --> ϕ
small kappa   6B &kappa; --> κ
small lambda   6C &lambda; --> λ
small mu   6D &mu; --> μ
small nu   6E &nu; --> ν
small omicron o 6F &omicron; --> ο
small pi   70 &pi; --> π
small (straight) theta   71 &theta; --> θ
small rho   72 &rho; --> ρ
small sigma   73 &sigma; --> σ
small tau   74 &tau; --> τ
small upsilon   75 &upsilon; --> υ
small omega pi, curly pi   76 &piv; --> ϖ
&varpi; --> ϖ
small omega   77 &omega; --> ω
small xi   78 &xi; --> ξ
small psi   79 &psi; --> ψ
small zeta   7A &zeta; --> ζ

Miscellaneous HTML Entities

Special Characters
Description Entity Name
spacing breve (short) accent &breve; --> ˘
spacing caron accent &caron; --> ˇ
centered horizontal ellipsis &cdots; --> &cdots;
double acute accent &dblac; --> ˝
diagonal ellipsis &dellip; --> &dellip;
&ddots; --> &ddots;
spacing dot above accent &dot; --> ˙
array column fill ellipsis &dotfill; --> &dotfill;
small script l &ell; --> ℓ
em space (the width of an "m") &emsp; -->  
en space (1/2 em space) &ensp; -->  
small (straight) epsilon &epsilon; --> ε
fraction 1/8 &frac18; --> ⅛
fraction 3/8 &frac38; --> ⅜
fraction 5/8 &frac58; --> ⅝
fraction 7/8 &frac78; --> ⅞
hair width space &hairsp; -->  
if and only if (iff) &iff; --> ⇔
left determinant vertical bar &ldet; --> &ldet;
contains as a member &ni; --> ∋
spacing ogonek accent &ogon; --> ˛
Planck's constant h over 2 pi, small italic h slash (bar) &planck; --> ℏ
quad em space &quad; --> &quad;
right determinant vertical bar &rdet; --> &rdet;
spacing ring above accent &ring; --> ˚
soft break space &sbsp; --> &sbsp;
since, because (inverted therefore) &becaus; --> ∵
sung text sign, music note &sung; --> ♪
thin space (1/6 em space) &thinsp; -->  
small rho variant &varrho; --> ϱ
vertical ellipsis &vellip; --> ⋮
&vdots; --> &vdots;

last updated: December 21, 2011